Mtskheta-Mtianeti-Kartli


Mtskheta is an ancient town of extraordinary importance to the Georgian nation, located about 20km out of Tbilisi. It was the capital of the eastern Georgian kingdom of Iberia from the 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD.

 Mtskheta was the site of Georgia's adoption of Christianity in 334 and remains the headquarters of the Georgian Orthodox Church. Mtskheta is of primary interest to any travelers interested in Georgian history or Orthodox Christianity. 

Places to see:

UNESCO CULTURAL HERITAGE

Jvari Monastery

Jvari Monastery is a Georgian Orthodox monastery of the 6th century near Mtskheta, old capital of Iberia. The name is translated as the Monastery of the Cross.According to traditional accounts, in the early 4th century Saint Nino stayed here to pray and erected a wooden cross on Mtskheta’s highest hill. The church was built on the crest of a cliff at a confluence of the rivers Mtkvari and Aragvi. It is a representative of the tetraconch architectural type that was popular not only in Georgia but also in Byzantine world.

The importance of Jvari complex increased over time and attracted many pilgrims. According to the legend pilgrims visiting the site shed tears while praying and the nearby natural lake was named the Lake of tears.

The harmonious relationship between the landscape, architectural forms and divisions, the well-thought-out disposition of decorative elements and splendid relieves carved on big slabs of a stone give the south and east walls special expressiveness.

Svetitskhoveli Cathedral 

Svetitskhoveli Cathedral is a Georgian Orthodox cathedral located in the historical town of Mtskheta, Georgia, 20 km northwest of the nation's capital of Tbilisi.

Svetitskhoveli, known as the burial site of Christ's mantle, has long been the principal Georgian church and remains one of the most venerated places of worship to this day.

The current cathedral was built in the 11th century by the Georgian architect Arsukisdze, though the site itself is even older dating back to the early 4th century and is surrounded by a number of legends associated primarily with the early Christian traditions.

It is the second largest church building in the country, after the recently consecrated Tbilisi Holy Trinity Cathedral, and is listed as an UNESCO World Heritage Site along with other historical monuments of Mtskheta.

 

Georgian old-style restaurants

Meanwhile, today’s Mtskheta region is popular on its Georgian old styled restaurants. Here, you can enjoy delicious Georgian food and feel yourself in ancient Georgia.

Kvemo Kartli - Uplistsikhe (ancient rock-hewn town)

Uplistsikhe is an ancient rock-hewn town in eastern Georgia, some 10 kilometers east of the town of Gori, Shida Kartli.

Built on a high rocky left bank of the Mtkvari River, it contains various structures dating from the Early Iron Ageto the Late Middle Ages, and is notable for the unique combination of various styles of rock-cut cultures from Anatolia and Iran, as well as the co-existence of pagan and Christian architecture. 

Shida Kartli - Joseph Stalins Museum

Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union was born in Georgia, Gori.

In 1957 year, museum was officially dedicated to Joseph Stalin. It was closed during the Soviet Union downfall and reopened in early 90’s. Nowadays, this is one of the tourist attractions in Gori.

Tourists can visit Stalin’s house, where he was born and spend his first 4 years. Here for the public is available to see Stalin’s proper belongings, office furniture, personal effects and gifts made to him over the years.

Here in the museum territory is presented Stalin’s personal railway carriage, which he was using from 1941 year.